Charleston Stone Aggregate Kit
Charleston Stone has a cheerful brightness that will intensify when used in large areas, but it is always dignified and never garish.
Charleston Stone is particularly responsive to changes in light, sunlight illuminating the lighter marble and shade bringing out the golden brown. This resin bound aggregate kit is a blend of genuine marble, granite and quartzite aggregates for use in resin bound surfacing.
Saxon Stone was sourced, developed and imported by Vuba, and is one of 24 colours in our Wonders of the World Range of resin bound aggregates.
Saxon Stone is suitable for both pedestrian and vehicle traffic, and is available with a Warranty. More details about product testing, coverage rates, installation advice and available warranties are detailed below.
Watch the Vuba Channel...
This is a Resin Bound Trade Kit called Charleston Stone. Charleston Stone has been extensively tested for suitability with Pedestrian and Vehicle traffic. This product is supplied in 4 bag kits, containing a mix of genuine Granite and Marble and is subject to a 10 Year Warranty.
Charleston Stone is one colour within our 24 Wonders of the World. A blend of natural and marble aggregates, directly sourced by Vuba. Our Wonders of the World Range is Exclusive to Vuba and represents an advancement in not only resin bound surfacing, but the market for hard landscaping as a whole.
Wonders of the World
From Bluish Greys to Italian marbles and traditional English Flint, we directly source Exclusive Resin Bound Aggregates - only available to Vuba. Don't compete on Price alone.
Exclusive Contemporary Neutrals, and Monochromatic Greys differentiate our range from the competition. We source the only Genuine Greys in Resin Bound Surfacing. We are your Customer's Choice.
Aggregate size uniformity, along with Clarity, are the most important factors when creating a seamless, faultless resin bound surface. That is why we use 100% more stone size gradings than industry standard.
The superior aggregate cleanliness, and the enhanced ability to resist degradation combine to reduce application risks associated with shading and aesthetic inconsistencies.
When you order 1 of our Charleston Stone on this product page, you will receive the following:
1 x Golden Pea 1-3mm
1 x Golden Pea 2-5mm
1 x Crema marfil 2-4mm
1 x Rosa Valencia 4-6mm
1 x 6.25kg Quartzite
Total Weight = 106.25kg
Each Kit will cover 3.65m2 @ 18mm (Vehicle Traffic) nominal thickness & 4.04m2 @ 15mm (Pedestrian traffic). We would always recommend to allow for wastage and undulations in your surface by ordering 5-10% wastage.
It is possible to add the required resin on to your aggregate kit in the adjacent 'Build Your Product' options.
It is possible to buy the same blend in a 1 Bag Kit format, that can be mixed with a Drill and Paddle or smaller 25 Litre Mixing Vessel, such as an 'SPE Mix It 25'. These smaller kits are available here.
A Genuine and Ethical Manufacturer
We manufacture a range of aliphatic polyurethane resin binders, for use in the encapsulation of natural aggregates. These are tested to BS-2782. Our Ethos is:
Best in Class Quality
Best in Class Quality
The Paving Expert said of our Resin Bound Range ‘In my humble opinion….the best product is the resin bound range from Vuba’. This review was based on attending The Landscape Show 2019, where we also were nominated for The Best Product 2019.
Best on price for the highest quality products. We offer 7.5kg UVR Resin Kits from £41.999 up to £47.99 depending upon quantity – less than the industry price for a 6.5kg Underbound Non Compliant Kit. How can we do this? Because we manufacture resin and sell directly the contractor online and on our telesales line. We are the only manufacturer of resins that directly sources our resin bound aggregates also.
How are we Ethical?
We only produce Aliphatic UV Stable Resin Binders, and FeRFA Compliant Resin Kits. We support the growth of the resin bound industry through quality, reliable products that give our customers real value. We support the long term growth and reputation of resin bound surfacing.
At Vuba, We Promise…
- The cheapest products of equal quality in the industry
- To match any cheaper quotation like for like
- We do not re-label other people's products
- We are not a middle man for either stone or resin
- We are not new to resin systems and their applications
Your Resin Bound Partner
We provide a dedicated Account Manager for our contractor’s and regularly customers. We aim to give industry leading advice and help, so your project is successful.
Here’s how we support our contractors…
Next Day Delivery As Standard
A Dedicated Account Manager
Industry Leading Products
Extensive Testing & Product Trialling
Huge Amounts of Stock
UK Exclusive Aggregate Blends
A Single Source Supplier
We are Well Known, Trusted and Awarded
Work with a manufacturer who is known to your customers.
Re-assure your customers with…
Our Technical Datasheets and Extensive Testing
Largest Social Media Following in the World
Award Winning and Exclusive Products
Millions of Views on our Youtube Resin Channel
£2m Worth of Installation Enquiries in 2019
All aggregate blends within this range are tested extensively, in accordance with both FeRFA Guidelines, ISO 178, ISO 604, and BS-2782. Test results available upon request.
New products, formulations and aggregates are being introduced to Resin Bound Surfacing. The Vuba Ethos is to lead developments within the industry, both in innovation and integrity. Find out a little more about our testing below.
1. Resin Binder
3. Resin Bound System
1. Resin Binder
a. Tensile Strength
b. Elgonation %
c. Hardness (Shore D)
These are tested to BS-2782. For further information, please see our Valtex Technical Datasheet.
Shore D Hardness
Elongation at Break
The preferred method for testing aggregate suitability for use in resin bound systems is the Los Angeles Abrasion Test. The standard Los Angeles Abrasion Test subjects a coarse aggregate sample to abrasion, impact, and grinding in a rotating steel drum containing a specified number of steel spheres. The amount of weight lost as a percentage of its original value is referred to as the Los Angeles Coefficient.
Other commonly used aggregate testing methods include PSV (Polished Stone Value), ACV (Aggregate Crushing Value), Aged Weather Testing and Field Testing.
All aggregates within this range have been testing using some or all of the above methods. A combination of Empirical and Field Test Data is used to create a detailed profile of each aggregate blend, including strength and suitability.
3. Resin Bound System
We test the complete resin bound system to International Standards ISO 178 and ISO 604. The tests carried out include Compression Testing, and Flexural Strength Testing using a Three Point Bend Test. The determining factors of the strength of any resin system is as follows:
a. Resin / Aggregate Ratio
b. Chemical Formulation
c. Aggregate Quality
d. Aggregate Size Grading
a. Resin / Aggregate Ratio
The FeRFA Resin Flooring Association has a guide to the appropriate ratio of resin to aggregate. The guidelines now state that a ratio of 7.06% of resin is required to the total amount of aggregate to be suitable as a resin bound surface. You can see details below:
Resin / Aggregate Ratio
Valtex Resin Binder
The total size of resin kit is very important to the strength of a resin binder. Too little resin, and the system is underbound resulting in failure by loose stone. An underbound resin screed is highly susceptible to issues with lack of compaction, or thickness. A correctly bound system will be more forgiving for installers.
b. Chemical Formulation
The ratio of Resin A to Hardener B has a determining affect on the overall mechanical strength of the resin bound system. We manufacture our binders using a High Isocyanate formulation. Isocyanate is the 'expensive' part of the formulation, essential for a high Shore D Hardness value. You can see typical Mechanical Properties for our Valtex and MarbleBound Resin Binders below.
Some suppliers offer a none UV stable form of resin because none UV or 'Aromatic MDI' resin is cheaper. This resin turns yellow / brown within hours of sunlight. We do not offer any resin binders which are not UV Resistant as part of our Ethical Ethos. You can see more about our Ethos here.
C. Aggregate Quality
Aggregate quality is dictated by Cleanliness, Porosity, Size Uniformity and Aggregate Physical Properties.
Therefore the quality of the aggregate is of vital importance when considering the Overall System Strength. For example, a fine, more absorbent aggregate can require up to 15% more resin to achieve saturation than other aggregates, our research has shown.
We are an importer of aggregates and manufacturer of award winning resin bound systems - we are not a middle man, or a company that is brand new to supplying resin systems. We have spent 1,000's of hours visiting quarries throughout the world, and ensuring our aggregates undergo extensive testing.
d. Aggregate Size Grading
The Blend Specification or Design has a large impact on the strength of a system. Addition of our binding quartz alone will increase the overall strength of a resin bound system by 20-30%, our research has shown.
Similarly, a greater size variation of equal and suitable deviation creates a more compact final finish. Some of our blends will have a range from 0.4 - 0.8mm, 1mm to 3mm, 2-4mm, 2-5mm, 4-6mm. Greater compaction helps to prevent against stone loosening due to vehicle turning etc.
Click here to visit the Resin Binder page if you would like to read more information about our binders.
Cleaner and More Consistent:
Our aggregates demonstrate unrivalled cleanliness, size uniformity and colour consistency. The result is a significantly reduced chance of shading for contractors.
A Broader Range of Sizes:
The average Wonders of the World blend contains an industry leading 4 or 5 different aggregate size gradings per blend. Such a complete matrix of aggregates sizes, gradually grading up from 0.4mm up to 6mm in diameter throughout the full spectrum of the blend results in an easier to lay and more compact resin system with less chance of stone loosening.
Each blend within the range contains a Binding Quartz, a neutral translucent aggregate, 0.4mm - 0.8mm in size, perfect to create a strong matrix of sizes without negatively changing the appearance. This quartz increases the strength of the system by 20-30% compared to traditional resin bound surfacing without the 'sand'.
Before application of an Asphalt / Tarmac base, concrete or cellular grid, there should be in place the correct sub-base. This would be a minimum 150mm depth of well compacted Type 3 granular sub-base to SHW clause 805, or 4/40mm, 4/20mm crushed aggregate to BS EN12620 or locally available secondary or recycled aggregates which comply with the above specification blinded with 2/6.3mm graded crushed concrete aggregate to BS EN12620.
1. Concrete bay proportions should be ideally 1:1 and should not be greater than 3:2, long narrow strips of concrete will crack across the bay width and these cracks are likely to be mirrored in the surfacing.
2. Open bay joints are likely to cause cracking in the surfacing and formation should be prevented by application of Polycrete repair mortar into the joints. Bays should be linked with steel mesh reinforcement, or if already in place, a surface grade mesh should be embedded in the surface using an epoxy bedding coat.
3. Ensure that the concrete has a minimum design strength of C35 and that the concrete has a minimum compressive strength of 25N/mm2 before the surface is prepared, in accordance with BS 8500-2:2015.
Ensure that falls are in place to an adequate drainage system when applying to an impermeable concrete base. Water will flow through the Valtex system and run across the concrete surface.
Asphalt (Bituminous Macadam):
The bitumen binder of asphalt concrete must have a pen value no greater than 100/150, when tested in accordance with EN 1426 Needle Penetration Test. It is advisable to use a harder grade of bitumen when machine application is possible and 70/100 pen (or harder) is preferred.
Bituminous materials with a higher pen value will be too soft and may deform in warm weather. Adequate compaction of the sub-base and base is essential to prevent cracking. A minimum 1 tonne “sit on” roller should be used when possible and the contractor must ensure that the construction is fully restrained at all edges to ensure dimensional stability.
Rainwater will flow through the permeable Valtex Resin Bound System, and through the open grade binder course. An integral drainage system is not required.
We would recommend to use a cellular grid of 40-50mm in depth. The grid should be set on to a well compacted sub-base as laid out above. The cellular grid should then be filled with well compacted 4/10mm graded crushed aggregate to BS EN12620. The in-fill aggregate must be compacted to ensure the profile of the cellular grid is still visible, and capable of bonding to the resin bound system.
Failure to compact the stones within the grid correctly will result in a slump of the resin bound material through the grid, causing delamination.
Protect all edges abutting soft landscaping with brick, steel, timber or concrete to prevent damage to the surfacing. Edgings should be securely fixed to prevent movement. A flexible joint filler should be used at edgings where there is potential for movement to separate the surfacing from the edging.
Prepare concrete by mechanical means to provide a sound, clean, dry substrate that is free from laitance and suitable for application of the resin bound surfacing. Concrete should be primed prior to application using our Easiprime or Epiprime (and seeded with a 1.4 - 1.8mm quartz).
Asphalt (Bituminous Macadam) Preparation:
Allow the asphalt to oxidise for 7 days prior to application of the Valtex Resin Bound Surface. It is not a requirement to prime asphalt surfaces.
Suitable Mixing Equipment:
Large Pan Forced Action Mixer (Such as Baron E120 available from Vuba, here).
Suitable Resin Binder:
7.5kg Valtex or 8kg MarbleBound depending upon the aggregate blend.
1. Scrape all of the contents of Valtex / MarbleBound Resin Bound Surfacing B component into the larger Resin A component container and mix with a slow speed drill (≤ 450RPM) and MR2 paddle mixer attachment for 60-90 seconds. Overmixing will increase heat generation and reduce working time.
2. Simultaneously, add 100kg of aggregate to the Large Pan Forced Action Mixer, Baron 120 Litre Capacity Mixer or similar approved. Followed by addition of the 6.25kg Binding Quartz. Do not allow the aggregate to rotate dry for more than 60 seconds. Excessive dry mixing forms dust in the mixer, which will darken the batch, resulting in shading issues throughout the application.
3. Allow the aggregate to begin mixing and immediately add the mixed resin to the aggregate in the mixer until all the aggregate is evenly coated with resin. Mix for approximately 3-4 minutes. Overmixing will increase heat generation and reduce working time, in addition to shading issues.
4. Using a wheel barrow, discharge the mixed resin and aggregate onto the prepared surface, level and smooth. Ensure to compact to even firm composition.
1. Finish the surface with a suitable float. Vuba Solvent should be used if required to clean trowel before applying a closing finish to the resin bound surface. Close compaction is vital to prevent stone loosening. Most applicators will compact at right angles to how the material was spread out, applying pressure as the trowel is pulled back.
2. If required for added slip resistance, immediately cast Crushed Glass onto the top surface of the wet resin and aggregate, at the rate of approximately 0.1kg/m2. Ensure even coverage to prevent a patchy appearance.
3. Allow to cure and open to traffic as described in the Curing Time tables above.
1. Regularity and consistency of mixing times is essential to prevent shading within your Resin Bound System. Excessive mixing, especially of dry stone, will result in darker shading.
2. Ensure you have all bags required for your project prior to commencement, and ensure you have sufficient material by marking coverage per mix on the surface. It is imperative to not run short of material for a fully seamless finish. You will be provided with a mix instructions sheet with each order.
3. Ensure you have scheduled to apply your resin bound aggregate system during a period of suitable weather for both application and curing time.
4. Contact Vuba for further advice regarding our WONDERS OF THE WORLD Resin Bound Aggregates, if you have any hesitations or doubts.
All of the aggregates within this colour range are available with a 10 Year Warranty as standard. Warranties up to 21 years can be made available subject to installation by an Approved Contractor, and further project details being provided and approved prior to installation. The life expectancy of these systems is 20-25 years.
Type of Use:
This resin bound aggregate kit is suitable for both pedestrian and vehicle traffic. Ensure this product is applied on to a suitable base, and is not subject to misuse (see Product Limitations below).
Please complete our Project Warranty Application, and a project specific Warranty Document will be created. Please note a warranty document must be provided for a warranty to be in place. All warranties are subject to correct installation in accordance with our instructions, and application on to a suitable base.
1. The minimum application temperature is typically 5°C (8°C when used without Accelerator) on a rising thermometer and maximum is typically 25°C. Ideal temperature conditions are 15 – 20°C.
2. The surfacing may be affected by the shaling action of tyres when vehicles are turning in confined spaces, and should be avoided.
3. Tyres must not be turned when in a static position.
4. Debris and loose stones must not be trafficked on to the resin bound surface, as this may result in loosening of existing stone.
5. Regular inspections should be carried out to ensure early detection of damage should this occur.
Upon placing your order you will be sent an initial simple order confirmation - detailing the products ordered, addresses and contact details. When your order has been reviewed, accepted and passed down to our factory, you will receive another email informing you of this. Once your order has been shipped you will receive a confirmation of the tracking number (box deliveries) or the courier (pallet deliveries).
Deliveries less than 150kg will most likely arrive by parcel boxes. For deliveries over 150kg, it is likely they will arrive by pallet delivery. Pallet delivery vehicles will arrive equipped with a pallet truck and ability to offload the delivery.
Online orders received after 12pm will be counted in the following working day. Orders are processed on working days only. Delivery times are estimated in working days. You can call to arrange a Saturday Delivery.
Request Delivery Time:
To talk through your delivery, specify an arrival date or for urgent orders, please place your order via the telephone. Call us on 01482 778897.
The standard delivery time of this product is detailed when you input your post code. Contact us on 01482 778897 for time critical orders.
Returns are not generally accepted due to batching concerns (all orders are supplied are as part of a recorded batch). Contact us for more information, or view our returns policy.
How is it Calculated?
When you add products to your basket, you will be able to enter your post code and see your exact tailored delivery charge. Alternatively, you can view a schedule of our delivery charges here.
Delivery pricing is based upon the overall weight of your order, combined with the post code.
For very large orders, you can contact us for a specific delivery quote. And we have the following extra services available to request over the telephone:
AM Delivery = £15.00 / Order
Pre-10 AM Delivery = £25.00 / Order
Saturday Delivery = £50.00 / Order
More information is available on our delivery information page and by getting in touch with us. Either call 01482 778897 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
VALTEXTM Resin Bound Porous Decorative Surfacing
Manufacturer: Vuba Building Products Limited
Tel: +44 (0)1482 778897
Vuba, Units B2, B3 & B4 Grovehill Industrial Estate, Annie Reed Road, Beverley, HU17 0LF
VALTEXTM Resin Bound Porous Decorative Surfacing
|Prod Name||Charleston Stone Aggregate Kit / WOTW-WSS-001|
|Size||106.25kg Kit (26.56kg 'DIY' Kits Available)|
|Los Angeles Coefficient||LA 21|
|Coverage Rate||Coverage Rate is 3.65m2 @ 18mm (Vehicle Traffic) & 4.04m2 @ 15mm (Pedestrian Traffic)|
|Mixed Resin : Aggregate Ratio||7.5kg Mixed Resin : 106.25kg Aggregate / 7.06% Mixed Resin to Aggregate Only|
|Resin A : Isocyanate B Ratio||120% Resin A : 100% Isocyanate B|
|Country of Manufacture||United Kingdom|
|UV Resistance / Stability||UV Resistant|
|Gasoline/ Diesel Resistance||No Change|
|Minimum Application Temp||5oC|
|Maximum Application Temp||25oC|
|Suitable Substrates||Recommended - Open Grade Tarmac / Asphalt. Concrete, Cellular Grid and others also suitable. Contact us for more info.|
|Suitable Resin Binder||7.5kg Valtex Resin Bound Binder|
|Brand||Wonders of the World|